German word order | PART 1

1. German Word order: Basic rules

The German word order definitely belongs to the most difficult parts of the grammar. Not difficult to understand, but really hard to use. This is why I give you a step by step guide and a lot of exercises.
You always have to bear in mind three simple rules. I give each rule a small picture so that it is easier to remember.

 

1. conjugated verb = position II.
2. Subject and verb are together (they are so-to-say married)
3. the second part of the verb is at the very end! Bildschirmfoto 2014-10-20 um 22.03.09

 

2

Note: This differs greatly to English, French, Italien etc..

Today, I went to the supermarket Heute bin ich in den Supermarkt gegangen
(Today went I to the supermarket)

PDF: Syntay – word order in German
Go to video 1: rules – word order simple sentence
Go to video 2: exercise
Go to video 3: Word order of coordinated sentence with exercises
Go to the video 4: Word order and exercises with “aber” and “sondern” (both but in English)

2. Examples of main sentences

Susi ran yesterday crying out of the restaurant.
Hier, Susi a quitté le restaurant en criant.

How would you build this sentence?

 

3. Exercises

exercise for the first video – simple sentences: (more in the PDF:)  He visited yesterday the zoo in Berlin with his parents

er – besucht (visit) -hat –  mit seinen Eltern – gestern –  den Zoo in Berlin

 

Solution:

Er hat gestern mit seinen Eltern den Zoo in Berlin besucht.
Gestern hat er den Zoo in Berlin mit seinen Eltern besucht.
… more solutions possible – go to the video!

Word order of coordinated sentences:

With these conjunctions:

und – oder – aber – sondern – denn
and – or – but – but (negation) – because

you join two main sentences. Both sentences have the verb at position II ! 

 

Exercise complex sentence. Use the conjunction denn (because)
gehe – ich – nach Hause – jetzt  — den —- müde- bin – ich

Solution:
Ich gehe jetzt nach Hause, denn ich bin müde.

 

Bildschirmfoto 2014-07-25 um 16.58.29

How to build a german sentence

How to build a german sentence – rules for German word order

Comments

  • Diana

    net!!! net!!! ich mag die photos sehr!! Danke

    • dela

      Hallo Diana! Ich möchte mit dir in Deutch Sprache sprechen. Ich bin begginer und ich will Ihre hilfe.
      Talking in german language is the best way to learn it.

    • dela

      Hallo Diana! Ich möchte mit dir in Deutch Sprache sprechen. Ich bin begginer und ich will Ihre hilfe. Talking in german language is the best way to learn it.

  • admin

    Hi, kontaktiert mich für Skypeunterricht auf freegermanlessons@gmail.com