German word order | PART 1
1. German Word order: Basic rules
The German word order definitely belongs to the most difficult parts of the grammar. Not difficult to understand, but really hard to use. This is why I give you a step by step guide and a lot of exercises.
You always have to bear in mind three simple rules. I give each rule a small picture so that it is easier to remember.
|1. conjugated verb = position II.|
|2. Subject and verb are together (they are so-to-say married)|
|3. the second part of the verb is at the very end!|
Note: This differs greatly to English, French, Italien etc..
|Today, I went to the supermarket||Heute bin ich in den Supermarkt gegangen
(Today went I to the supermarket)
PDF: Syntay – word order in German
Go to video 1: rules – word order simple sentence
Go to video 2: exercise
Go to video 3: Word order of coordinated sentence with exercises
Go to the video 4: Word order and exercises with “aber” and “sondern” (both but in English)
2. Examples of main sentences
Susi ran yesterday crying out of the restaurant.
Hier, Susi a quitté le restaurant en criant.
How would you build this sentence?
exercise for the first video – simple sentences: (more in the PDF:) He visited yesterday the zoo in Berlin with his parents
er – besucht (visit) -hat – mit seinen Eltern – gestern – den Zoo in Berlin
Er hat gestern mit seinen Eltern den Zoo in Berlin besucht.
Gestern hat er den Zoo in Berlin mit seinen Eltern besucht.
… more solutions possible – go to the video!
Word order of coordinated sentences:
With these conjunctions:
und – oder – aber – sondern – denn
and – or – but – but (negation) – because
you join two main sentences. Both sentences have the verb at position II !
Exercise complex sentence. Use the conjunction denn (because)
gehe – ich – nach Hause – jetzt — den —- müde- bin – ich
Ich gehe jetzt nach Hause, denn ich bin müde.