German word order | PART 2 | subordinated clauses

German word order – subordinates clauses Part 2

After having learned the three important rules for the main sentence, we focus now on the German word order of subordinated clauses.

If you are unsure about the rules for the main sentences, click here for the first videos. These conjunctions (also called subjunctions) “ask for” a subordinate clause:

weil – dass – wenn – als – bevor – seit
because – that – if – when – before – since
parce que – que – si – quand – avant que – depuis

How to build a subordinated clause?

The German word order for subordinated clauses (Nebensatz) differs totally from the word order in the main sentence. The most important thing to notice is the p CONJUGATED VERB.

Main sentence = position 2.

Subordinated clause = at the very end

the other part of the verb (e.g. infinitive, past participle) is before the verb.

examples: Ich gehe nach Hause, weil ich Deutsch lernen will.
I go home, because I want to learn German

Gestern war Toms Freundin glücklich, weil Tom leckere Pasta gekocht hat.
Yesterday Tom’s girlfriend was happy, because Tom cooked delicious pasta.


PDF: Syntax – word order in German
Go to video 5: Word order of subordinated sentence with exercises
Got to video 6: subordinated sentences – exercises

word order - subordinated clauses

German word order – subordinated clauses