German pronunciation: How to pronounce German Consonants
Here, I try to show you how to pronounce German Consonants. For part 1 of the German pronunciation, have a look at the pronunciation of the Vowels.
German in general is a much more phonetically consistent language than English. This means, as soon as you know the rules, you’ll be able to read German texts. However, certain words derive from other languages, for example latin, french or english. These words don’t follow the general rules. One examples is: Portemonnaie (wallet) (Click for the audio-example). You’ll find more in the table.
Have a look at the table. Especially “strange”, difficult consonants are marked. For more information, have a look at the video.
Watch the video Part 3: How to pronounce German Consonants and Part 4: How to pronounce German Consonants
|Consonants||Explanation ans examples: How to pronounce German Consonants|
|All Consonants are short.
Double consonants aren’t
The make the vowel shorter:kommen (to come)
|s, b, d, g||difference between voiced and voiceless sounds|
|inicial sounds: voiced||final sound: voiceless|
Sie (she, your)
|[s] aus (from)
gelb (yellow) ([gelp])
halb (half) ([halp])
There is no [z] sound as in English. Z is only [T+S]
|v, f||[f] as the English fvier (four)
vor (in front of)
|[v] in words derived from latinVerb (verb)
|w||[v] as in „very“
|ch||[x] after e, i, ä, ü „ich“
|[ç] after a, o, u: „ach“
|[k] in chs and at the beginning of some words sechs (six)
|German pronunciation: different positions of the tongue|
sprechen (to speak)
|r||[r, ?, ?] rolled r, French r, voiced [x]Ratte (Ratte)
different possibilities of pronouncing r
| r as a vowel
||after long vowels:
Ohr (ear)in the ending -er
Computer (computer)in the prefixes er-, zer-, ver-:
erklären (to explain)
zerstören (to destroy)
verstehen (to understand)
|l||not exactly English L. Your tounge is relaxed.
|If l is really difficult for you,
come from N to L.
Hold your nose and, coming
from “nnnnn”, give some
space to let the air out
|[?p] [?t] pronounce it as [schp] and [scht]sprechen (to speak)
work in progress..